Dopo più di 60 anni gli archivi dell’International Tracing Service localizzato a Bad Arolsen in Germania diventano accessibili (in precedenza, l’accesso era garantito solo alle vittime della persecuzione nazista e ai loro parenti). Qui, trovi la storia dell’ITS.
Gli archivi contengono più di 50 milioni di schede informative su più di 17 milioni di vittime civili della persecuzione, sfruttamento e sterminio nazista e sono organizzati in 5 grandi sezioni:
Central Name Index
L’International Tracing Service (ITS) e lo United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) hanno messo in linea l’On-Line Inventory degli Archives of the International Tracing Service che attinge alle 21.000 collezioni di documenti contenuti negli archivi.
L’inventario non è un catalogo completo degli archivi, la sua finalità è quella di dare un’idea del contenuto delle collezioni depositate negli archivi. L’inventario infatti ad esempio non fornisce le generalità delle vittime della persecuzione nazista.
The inventory is based on a list of collections maintained over the years by ITS staff to track a) the registration of Holocaust-era and early postwar documentation transferred by the Allied High Command for Germany in 1955; and b) the receipt and registration of additional collections of archival materials deposited at ITS in the more that five decades that have passed since that time. The ITS list of collections was thus organized chronologically by date of registration of each “deposit,” starting with the massive deposits of documentation already accumulated by the time the Bonn Accords of 1955 were concluded, at which point the International Committee of the Red Cross assumed administrative responsibility of ITS. Since 1955, governments, private organizations, other archives, and even some private individuals have sent additional collections of documentary material to ITS, sometimes in the original and sometimes in copy form, and those very sizeable additional deposits were also recorded, chronologically by date of registration, on the ITS list of collections. ITS staff also copied some collections from other archives, and their addition to the collections was also recorded. Each discrete deposit of documentary material at ITS is thus defined as a “collection” in the inventory. Some “collections” thus have just a few pages, while others may contain tens of thousands of pages. In addition, documents of similar origin and type, that one might expect to be found in a single archival collection, may be located in more than one collection in the ITS archives.
Sheet Name (by spans of years in which collections were registered);
Inventory number (an arbitrarily assigned number for inventory processing purposes and is not a useful search field);
A brief Description of the collection;
The Source of the collection (what organization or individual deposited the materials, or what is the source archive of copies of documentation held elsewhere);
Accession Date (the date the collection was registered at ITS);
Number of Pages in the collection (sometimes shown file by file within a particular collection);
Number of (victim) Names that appear in the collection;
ITS File Location (the physical location where the collection is filed at the ITS archives in Bad Arolsen);
Document Type (whether the documents in the collection are originals or copies);
Carded (a notation made on occasion, but not consistently, to indicate that the names in the collection had been entered into the Central Name Index; this is not a useful field for search purposes, and the working assumption today is that victim names from all of the historical collections are in the Central Name Index).